Emily Howard Stowe was the first woman suffragist, principal, and medical physician in Canada as well as a Women's rights advocate. Emily was the firstborn out of six to Hannah Howard and Solomon Jennings on May 1, 1831. In 1846, Emily was homeschooled by her mother until she became a teacher at a one-room school in Summerville, Canada. For the next seven years, Emily taught in multiple schools across Canada receiving half the pay men earned. From 1853-1854, Emily attended Provincial Normal School in Toronto to obtain her education degree. After graduating with a First Class Certificate, she became the first woman principal in Canada while working for Brantford School Board from 1854-1856. At that point in her life, Emily was looking to settle down and was wed to John Stowe in 1856. Due to their marriage, she decided to leave her teaching position and had three children from 1857-1863.
Sadly, her husband was diagnosed with tuberculosis and sent to a sanitarium until 1873 when he returned healthy. While he was gone, Emily was forced to return to work as a teacher in order to finance her family of three. She then realized that the position did not produce enough money to support her family. So, Emily decided to pursue a career as a medical physician. At first, Emily was denied by Toronto Medical School so she ventured to New York Medical College for Women. There she earned her degree in homeopathic medicine. While attending school in New York she met a fellow suffragist, Susan B. Anthony, who taught her patient strategy. After she completed her schooling in 1867 she moved back to Canada where she set up a homeopathic medical practice in Toronto.
Emily being a woman was prevented from earning her medical license in spite of her medical degree. This forced her to return to school at the University of Toronto in 1870 where she studied for years to acquire her medical license. Later in her career, in 1880, Stowe was accused of being an abortionist when a pregnant woman died after taking medicine prescribed by Emily. Luckily, the crisis was averted and she was granted her medical license on July 16, 1880. After the return of her husband, her family uprooted and moved to Toronto where John and Emily both had their practices. Two of their three children followed their medical legacies; their son joined his father's dental business and their daughter became the first woman to be fully trained in Canadian medical school.
Succeeding in her medical career, Emily refused to let her egalitarian views be trampled by men in her society. So, she took to protest, debates, and lectures on women’s equality and right to work side by side with men. Emily’s outlook on women in the medical field was heavily influenced by Dr. Clemence Sophia Lozier who was also a fellow suffragist whom she studied under in New York. In 1877, Stowe founded the Toronto Women’s Literary Club to fight for the rights and improved working conditions for women. This club progressed through the years and evolved into the Canadian Women’s Suffrage Association in 1883 with Emily as one of the Vice presidents. That same year she also led the creation of Woman’s Medical College in Toronto. Emily’s main goal after her medical career was to ensure that women had the right to equality so the next generations of women did not have to struggle as she did.
In the end, Emily Howard Stowe was a triple threat who stormed Canada and changed its society’s views for the better. Emily died on April 30, 1903, leaving behind a legacy that was certain to be remembered. From teaching in Summerville to creating organizations for women’s rights Stowe lived an astounding life considering the time period. During the years Emily was alive, 1831-1903, women were viewed as inadequate to men and expected to live a certain way. However, she refused to conform to society's expectations and became a figure women could look to for aspiration. Her accomplishments allowed women in the medical career the prerogative to work alongside men, women’s right to vote, and overall equality for generations to come. Emily used her experience with misogyny to fuel her drive of helping other women accomplish their goals and speak up against societal norms. Along with proving every man wrong and becoming the first woman principal and medical physician in Canada.