Line Luplau was a Danish feminist and suffragist who lived from 1823 to 1891. Her full name was Nicoline Christine Luplau. Unfortunately, at the age of two, her father passed away and she grew up with just her mother. Her family was closely tied to their religious beliefs. Both Line’s father and her husband were priests. At about the age of 25, Line gave birth to her only child, Marie Luplau, who ended up following in her mother’s footsteps as a suffragist. In her late 20s, Line’s interest in women’s rights developed from a debate about a controversial novel, Clara Raphael, Twelve Letters by Mathilde Fibiger (1851). Mathilde was another Danish feminist who was seven years older than Line. Everyone agreed that Fibiger’s book was well written; however, it called for women's independence and at the time that idea was thought by some to be too radical. For Line Luplau she was encouraged to fight in support of the ideas written by Fibiger.
In 1864, there was an end to a war called the German-Danish War. One of the consequences of the war was the eviction of Danish priests, including her husband. This forced their family to relocate to Varde. Varde is located in southern Denmark. This all happened when Line was about 41 years old. In Varde she became one, if not the first, of women to speak at a constitutional party, which became a great personal achievement for her.
When Line was about 49 she became a member of the Danish Women’s Society along with her husband and daughter. The Danish Women’s Society was Denmark’s oldest women’s rights group. At the age of about 62 she joined the newly founded Women's Progress Association and served in the group’s central committee in 1886. Soon after that she moved to Copenhagen after her husband's retirement. Copenhagen is in eastern Denmark and is the capital city. In 1888, at the age of 65, she represented the Women's Progress Association at the first Nordic women's conference in Copenhagen where she and Johanne Meyer showcased women's suffrage as one of the four main issues within women's rights. She became one of the leading figures of the Danish women's suffrage movement and served on the board of the Women's Progress Association paper, What We Want, alongside Matilde Bajer, Anne Nielson and Massi Bruhn.
At the age of about 66 Line Luplau co-founded the Danish suffrage movement, Female Electoral Association, along with Louise Norlund. She then served as its chairperson from 1889-1891. Her goal for the association was to form an organization exclusively for women suffrage rather than the Danish Women’s Society and Women's Progress Association, which handled many different women's issues.
Line Luplau was a controversial and energetic activist with a strong, direct approach. She was not very popular among other women's groups, who considered her to have split the women's movement. In 1891, she was forced to resign as chairperson of the Female Electoral Association for health reasons and passed away later that year. Line Luplau devoted most of her life to women’s rights and made many positive impacts on people’s lives, whether through charity or the organizations in which she participated and founded. Only in 1908, nearly two decades after her death, were women finally allowed to vote in local elections. Furthermore, it took an additional seven years before universal suffrage was granted, so she sadly was unable to experience that victory.